Bulbs > Tulip

General information on tulip:

Tulipa (perennial)

Slender heads of upwardly cupped petals. Some species have a more open head and some have ruffled petals. Tulips come in many colours ranging from white to very dark purple.

Tulip bulbs can be bought from The Green Chronicle Online Shop (for U.K. delivery).

Tulip bulbs should be planted in October or early November. Any fertile well drained soil is suitable. They should be planted 4" deep and 5" in an especially light soil. Tulips should be lifted every year to reduce the chance of disease. This said, however some cottage tulips will happily naturalise in grassy areas and can be left undisturbed for several years.
Aphids can attack tulips possibly infecting them with viral diseases. There is also a fungal disease called "tulip fire" which is evident by grey-brown spots on the foliage, stems and blossom. This can strike when the weather is cold and damp.

Tulips can be divided into several groups:

- Early Single Tulips: 12 -16 inches in height e.g. Apricot Beauty, Christmas Marvel, Princess Irene.

- Early Double Tulips: about 1 foot in height. These need to be forced very slowly if they are for indoors and need some shelter if planted outside e.g. Abba, Electra, Monte Carlo.

- Mendel Tulips: these tulips flower at the end of April. They are between 16 - 20 inches in height. Most Mendel Tulips can be forced into bloom in January.

- Triumph: flowers at the end of April. Many varieties of Triumph can be forced from mid February onwards. They can grow up to 24 inches high with large, strong blooms which stand up well to wind and rain e.g. Abu Hassan, Athleet, Blenda.

- Darwin: these tulips grow up to 30 inches tall and bloom in May. They cannot be forced earlier than February. Darwin Tulips have long stems, cut well and last a long time in water. Because they have long stems Darwins are best planted in a slightly spot.

- Hybrid Darwin Tulips: these flower earlier than the Darwin Tulip. They have very large blooms but do not last long and must be planted on their own. Examples include Apeldoorn, Big Chief, Ivory Floradale.

- Cottage Tulips: these Tulips do not need yearly lifting and will come up for several years if left undisturbed.

- Lily flowering Tulips: these Tulips flower in May. They grow up to a height of up to 24 inches. Examples include Aladdin, China Pink, Lilac Time.

- Fringed, Parrot or Dragon Tulips: these Tulips flower in May. Once cut they last well in water and have beautiful blooms with ragged petals. Examples Arma, Burgundy Lace, Swan Wings, Apricot Parrot, Flaming Parrot.

- Breeder Tulips: Breeder Tulips can be up to 3 feet in height and are extremely good for cutting. They have colours ranging from bronze and copper through to purple which are unusual colours in the Darwins or Cottage Tulips. They should be planted in an open, sunny position.

- Double Late or Paeony-Flowered: these Tulips are very good for cutting and are best grown in full sunlight. Examples include Allegretto, Carnival de Nice, Up Star.

- Bybloen, Bizarre and Rembrandt Tulips: these three varieties of Tulip have variegations such as stripes and blobs of colour permanently bred into the blooms.

- Tulip Species: these Tulips are very useful for rockeries. Species Tulips should be planted in a sunny position in rich, light soil. They do not need to be lifted at all. Species Tulips bloom in March and April e.g. Kaufmanniana.